What Is Sciatica Symptoms and Treatment
What is sciatica symptoms and treatment? What is sciatica? Before going into the main topic, we should first discuss what is sciatica. Sciatica is a nerve name that is in your pelvis down to the length of your feet. Pain in this section is often called sciatica nerve pain. Sciatica is a pain in the sciatic nerve such as tingling, numbness or weakness. The pain in sciatica is derived from pain in the lower back toward to the buttocks up to the large sciatic nerves that are on both legs to your feet.
Causes of Sciatica
In general, sciatica is caused by a lumbar disc hernia that suppresses the nerve causing pain in your back. Other terms often used for lumbar disc hernia are disc slip, ruptured disc, bulging disc or pinched nerve. This happens because the discs between your spines are damaged and then suppress the nerve. This damage is not known for certain, there is a possibility because your body is increasingly aging causing rupture.
Another cause of sciatica is
- Lumbar spinal stenosis is sciatica caused by a narrowing of the spine. This is usually experienced by people over the age of 60 years. This is natural
- There’s something growing in the spine – like a tumor
- Spondylolisthesis a state where the spine shifts out of its original position either forward or backward
- Pregnancy – changes in body shape during pregnancy cause the body to be overweight can cause sciatica
- Muscle strain on the spine or buttocks.
Actually a lot of things that cause back pain getting worse like overweight, wearing a high heel or a bed that are too soft. Less exercise can also aggravate back pain.
What Is Sciatica Symptoms and Treatment
The Sciatica Symptoms
The symptoms of sciatica are rare but when they are very disturbing and potentially getting worse. There are some symptoms of sciatica that you need to know.
- Lower back pain – pain in the low back spread to the buttocks to the sciatic nerve down to the lower leg
- Pain in the buttocks or legs when sitting
- Weak, tingling and difficult to move the legs
- Pain on one leg so it makes it difficult to stand or walk
Sciatica usually occurs only in one part of the body only. A person with sciatica generally also suffers from back pain. But for sciatica attack the buttocks and legs instead of the spine.
How to diagnose Sciatica is usually through physical examination and medical historical records. The symptoms experienced and the examination done can help the doctors to diagnose sciatica. While there are further tests to check sciatica such as X-ray, CT scan, MRI and electromyography (EMG).
For examination of sciatica can be to specialists such as orthopedic, internal medicine or all providers of health services such as physical therapist, chiropractors, and massage therapist.
There is a wide range of treatment for sciatica, this is very dependent on the results of examinations performed by doctors. In general, sciatica will heal for about 6 weeks without treatment. The healing period for each person is different from each other, this is influenced by the cause of sciatica itself.
The recommended treatment for sciatica sufferers is bed rest. There is research conducted by a team of doctors in the Netherlands led by Dr. Patrick Vroomen. The team of doctors examined 183 patients divided into two groups, and randomly assigned patients to bed rest in the first group and alternatively watchful waiting for this period.
The results, reported in the New England Journal of Medicine, proved that after two weeks, 64 of the 92 (70%) patients in the bed-rest group reported improvement, as compared with 59 of the 91 (65%) of the patients In the control (watchful-waiting) group. After 12 several weeks, 87% of the patients in both groups reported improvement. The results of assessments of the intensity of pain, the frustration of symptoms, and practical status revealed no significant distinctions between the two groups.
Other treatments for sciatica sufferers
- TENS (Transcutaneous nerve simulators)
- Injections of anti-swelling and pain relief to the spine
- Manual therapy is usually performed by chiropractors or osteopaths
- Psychological therapy
- Surgery for sciatica lasts longer and gets worse as sciatica is caused by depressed nerves in the lower spine.
Sciatica can be prevented in the following way
- Exercise regularly (Yoga, Pilates or others)
- Stretching before exercising
- Lifting and moving items with appropriate posture
- Make sure the mattress you use can Keep your spine straight.
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